Mostar is situated on the banks of the River Neretva and is the cultural and economic center of Herzegovina. It is the largest city of the Herzegovina region and is considered one of the most beautiful cities in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The city was named after the bridge keepers (mostari) who in the medieval times guarded the Stari Most (Old Bridge) over the Neretva. In 2005, UNESCO inscribed the Stari Most and Mostar’s historic center onto the World Heritage List.
In November 1993, during the Bosnian civil war, the bridge was destroyed by artillery fire from Bosnian Croat forces. A major rebuilding project was undertaken to restore the bridge and nearby buildings that had also been damaged; the bridge reopened in 2004. The bridge and the surrounding area were added to UNESCO’s World Heritage list in 2005. The town served as a centre for crafts and trade, and its reconstructed coppersmith’s bazaar is a tourist attraction.